Cave diving is not something just anyone can pick up and try. It is a highly dangerous and specialized form of diving reserved only for those who have undergone extensive training in stages over time. Academic training has been proven to be absolutely inefficient as a standalone method. Without increasing levels of experience, new divers will panic under circumstances a more experienced diver could handle and still follow protocol.

Going into underwater caves involves, at times, great depths and pressure. A lack of light and the kicking up of silt reduces or eliminates visibility without aid. And currents through the caves add to the complexity of the dive.

Cave diving training begins with the academic portion, learning about equipment like rebreathers and diver propulsion vehicles. The configuration of the equipment naturally varies and protocols and techniques for using them are taught as well. And while the divers’ safety is the primary focus of all cave diving training, the ethical considerations of preserving the ecology within the caves is taught as well.

Real life training starts with cavern training, when divers practice using gas planning, reel and handling, communication, propulsion techniques and using the buddy system. Introduction to cave training builds upon those basic techniques, allowing divers to go a little deeper than the cavern zone. These trainings will often be done at sites that contain permanent guidelines installed for lasting use. Successful completion of this part of training results in basic cave certification and the ability to penetrate to 1/6 of a double cylinder unit.

Apprentice cave training adds to the basic certification and teaches divers how to do complex dive planning and practice decompression on deeper dives. Apprentices in training will be able to go deeper into the caves with permanent guide lines and also explore some of the side lines. With apprentice certification, divers can go in as far as they can with 1/3 of double cylinders.

Finally, full cave training leads to final certification. Such experienced and well trained divers are able to do multiple guideline jumps between mainlines and sidelines. They can dive deeper, with the skill of decompression to elongate diving time. Fully experienced and trained cave divers are better equipped to handle emergency situations and remain calm enough to solve the problem and get to safety.